Working Papers

“Commercial Bank Heterogeneity and the Transmission of Monetary Policy Through Bank Lending” [Job Market Paper, Available Upon Request]

Abstract: I find empirical evidence that community and noncommunity banks in the United States differ in the extent to which they allow for the pass-through of monetary policy shocks to the real economy via changes in bank lending. Using a large panel of quarterly bank-level data, I estimate a structural hierarchical factor-augmented vector autoregression with externally identified monetary policy shocks. I then use the estimated model to generate pass-through impulse responses of output growth to monetary policy shocks via community and noncommunity bank lending. My results indicate that contractionary monetary policy shocks contribute negatively to both GDP and industrial production through changes in bank lending both in the short and medium run. In the short run, such pass-through of monetary policy occurs mainly via noncommunity bank lending, while community bank lending allows for greater monetary transmission in the medium run.

“Pass-Through Impulse Response Functions” [Submitted]

Abstract: Impulse response functions (IRFs) offer little insight regarding the channels through which a shock propagates through a dynamical system. I formulate the concept of a pass-through impulse response function (PT-IRF), which measures the passage of a structural shock through specific sets of variables in a given system. I demonstrate the applicability of the PT-IRF by performing inference on the effect of a monetary policy shock on unemployment through various channels of the monetary transmission mechanism using a structural vector autoregression.

“The Evolution of Community Bank Interconnectedness” [Internal Award: Best Field Paper / PhD Research Paper]

Abstract: I find that the community banking sector in the United States has become more interconnected since the global financial crisis, which implies greater exposure to systemic risk and increased vulnerability in future financial crises. I estimate a hierarchical dynamic factor model using a Bayesian approach to extract posterior distributions of national, regional, and state-level latent drivers of quarterly fluctuations in state-average community bank return-on-equity for all 50 US states. The resulting estimates show evidence of both considerable national comovement and state-specific idiosyncrasy with no signs of significant regional comovement. Furthermore, the results show a decrease in the intensity of idiosyncratic dynamics of state-level community bank profitability since the crisis, along with an increase in national comovement across most states.

“Computing Temporary Equilibria using Exact Aggregation” (with David Evans)

Abstract: We suggest a new method of approximating temporary equilibria in heterogeneous agent models. Our approach offers a significant speedup without a notable drop in accuracy relative to established methods. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our procedure by applying it to a model with heterogeneous boundedly rational agents, and comparing its performance to that of alternative methods.


[2] “Measuring economic activity in the presence of superstar MNEs” (with Philip Economides) Economics Letters (2023)

[1] “Using deep learning to examine the correlation between transportation planning and perceived safety of the built environment” (with Justin Hollander, Alphonsus Adu-Bredu, Minyu Situ, and Shabnam Bista) Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science (2021)

Works in Progress

“Monetary Pass-Through via Inflation Expectations” (with Edder Martínez Lazo)

“Estimating Large Bayesian Hierarchical Dynamic Factor Models”

“Model Uncertainty and Agent Survival” (with David Evans)



Julia package for simulating and estimating multi-level/hierarchical dynamic factor models (HDFMs).


Julia package for estimating pass-through impulse response functions (PTIRFs).


Library of Statistical Techniques (LOST)

LOST is an open source website with the goal of making it easy to execute statistical techniques in statistical software. I am an author of multiple pages, and have written the Julia sections of others across time series methods.